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Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad;
Establishment of the daily prayers;
Concern for and almsgiving to the needy;
Self-purification through fasting; and
The pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able
I have been thinking a lot about sociopaths and the criminally insane lately which branched off into me considering is what their doing wrong? (i.e. murdering, raping, lying) or is it only wrong to those who believe it is? For instance, someone could think it is wrong to cheat on a test, or even another person because, let's say they use the money they receive to take that class to support themselves and their grades are slipping, if they do not pass this class, they're out of those funds, and therefore out on the street with no alternate means to support them self. Does that make them any more or less wrong than someone who kills for pleasure? People do things out of self interest, basically they do what they do because they want to and can some way justify it to themselves, and sometimes even to others. It's like saying eating meat is wrong. It is all a matter of opinion, an individuals' point of view.
Further study of metaphysics by myself reveals that universal laws apply. These are such that reveal science relates to the material world only, but cannot access the metaphysical world. The metaphysical world is spiritual and is so necessary for the greater knowledge of humanity to progress. Both however can work in tandem with each other, to create balance of the individual mind and of nations. These laws traverse the universe and give greater understanding of our own world. At present the material world has failed through many centuries due to the imbalance of both these great universal laws.The outcome of our ignorance are wars and suffering of millions.
What does it mean to be probable, to have a chance? What is Chance? How do you explain probability on a classical scale (e.g. dice, coins, number generators) and on a a quantum scale?
Is chance an illusion?
One way to describe it is as the amount of variability of unknown factors in a system. I do not know if a coin will land heads or tails, but I do know there is a head and a tail to the coin, and so there is a probability of the coin landing either heads or tails. It is observed that upon analyzing past data that aprox. half of coin tosses result in heads and aprox. half result in tails. Probability can be viewed as a prediction of future outcomes based on past results, but this does not satisfy me on a quantum scale. The coin toss can be analyzed through physics and is ultimately drawn down to a deterministic quantum system. If it is ultimately deterministic, I am puzzled why the results are so evenly distributed. Why is the system one such that out of the uncountable factors involved, the possible products occur with the same frequency? Or, isn't it correct to say that, in a deterministic universe, there is, by definition, never more than one possible outcome, and the proposition of possibility indicates ignorance?
What are your thoughts or opinions on any of this?